Underwater Photography Tips


Amazing Underwater Photography Tips

Doesn’t underwater photography appear ecstatic? If you wish to excel underwater photography like a pro, your ultimate aim should be delivering some eye-catchy, unusual images around. However, it becomes a challenging task along with some fairly pricey equipment to achieve spellbinding underwater photography. It is recommended to practice the underwater photography techniques beforehand –by being comfortable in the water.

Here are some of the pro ideas that can help you in taking bespoke underwater photographs:

  • Practice Beforehand in the Pool: Before you attempt taking underwater photographs professionally out in the sea or ocean, wherein the water might be quite unpredictable, you should practice beforehand in the swimming pool. You would preferably require some specialized underwater housing for achieving the desired results.


Most of the famous point & shoot as well as the DSLR cameras are available with plastic cases that seal in the lens and the camera parts. Mostly, these tend to be watertight, and are required for protecting the camera equipment. Aim at keeping the polarizer filter attached to the camera equipment as it helps in reducing flare along with unwanted reflections from the water surface.


  • Catch Some Action: For the best results, it is recommended to practice holding yourself underwater for prolonged periods of time while holding the camera steady. You should aim at making use of the low ISO camera setting for getting a fine-grained photograph along with a shutter speed of around 1/250th of the second or even more. You can also consider making use of the on-camera flash while shooting in the swimming pool for freezing some action. Try wearing goggles if you are not able to keep your eyes open underwater.


  • Split Photos Underwater: One of the significant technical challenges faced by professional photographers while taking the split photographs underwater is that the overall exposure value of the photograph above the surface of water often turns out different from that under the water. This occurs due to the refraction happening under the water –affecting the overall focus above the water segment. You can overcome the same by making use of the specialized “split diopter effects or filters” that are designed to compensate for the given problem.


  • Lighting: When you are taking images underwater, you would require a specialized underwater flashgun referred to as the strobe. It is recommended to set the ISO of your camera as low as possible. This is because the low light conditions underwater will result in grainy images –aim at selecting ISO value to around 50 to 25 if this serves to be an option for the camera.


  • Zoom in for Perfect Detailing: When you are doing macro photography underwater, it can help in creating stunning images. You can make use of a macro camera lens (usually around 50 mm to 200 mm) for focusing on the subjects that are inches or cms away. You should capture the underwater images with the RAW format for the best results.


Capture amazing underwater images!

How the Daily Coffee Ritual is Harming the Environment


Do you know that you can recycle your coffee cup? Hundreds of thousands of coffee cups find their way to the landfills almost daily across the entire world. These coffee cups include both the biodegradable as well as the ones that are environmentally hazardous. Even when a cup is marked as being compostable or recyclable, the technology for doing the same turns out to be too complex for most of the recycling centers. As such, most of the countries or organizations prefer throwing them away into landfills or ocean beds. However, this tends to put a major impact on the overall health and well-being of our planet.

In most of the countries or municipalities, only the lids of the coffee cups get recycled. And in case, the coffee cup along with the lid is put together in the recycling bin, both of these have to be sent to the landfill. Most of the environmentally-conscious drinkers and supporters of sustainability are in shock when they come to know that a major portion of the coffee cups is not being recycled even after being put into respective recycling bins.

The main problem here lies with the inner lining of the cups. Most of the cups out there contain lining made of polythene or PE. This lining is provided to ensure rigidity to the cups and prevent liquid spilling from the same. This lining does not allow the cups to get decomposed easily. As such, people are looking forward to alternative options to the daily coffee habits including biodegradable paper cups, eco cups, and so more.

What does it All Mean?

Recyclable: Most of the takeaway cups cannot be recycled in most countries of the world. Thus, most of these end up in landfills. You can recycle the clean lids of the cup when removed from the cup as these are made of plastic.

Compostable: These cups have been designed to ensure the breaking down of the cups when used in compost under the exposure to UV light or high temperatures. However, still most of these are sent to the landfills.

Biodegradable: These cups usually involve the process of adding some oil-based plastic lining which usually breaks down in deprivation of oxygen.

How to Tackle the Problem?

The amount of waste generated out of coffee cups is a major concern for the overall environment. You can still deal with the problem on your end in the following manner:

  • Do not take away the plastic-based coffee cups. If possible, drink at the café.
  • Do not ask for the lid unless you need it. In case you do need a lid separately, remove the same from the cup such that it can be recycled.
  • Try carrying along your own reusable stainless steel or plastic cup.
  • Try making use of environmentally-friendly options including paper cups, eco cups, and so more

Ensure the best for the planet by making use of biodegradable paper cups.


Appliance Repair – Safety Tips For You


It’s always good when people choose to repair appliances for themselves instead of taking them to a professional. A lot of the problems which you’ll come across with your devices can be fixed in a matter of minutes if you do them yourself, whereas a professional service may well take a longer time. However, it is essential that you consider certain safety precautions to avoid accident and injury while repairing your appliance. We’re taking a look at some of the things that you should take into account before you begin to improve anything.

The basics – what you should do, to begin with

To begin with, let’s take a look at the checklist of things that you should be doing before you take a device apart to try and fix it. You should always make sure to unplug the device you’re going to be working on, so you don’t get electrocuted by the components. You should also make sure that you have some form of protective eyewear and gloves if possible, and that long hair is tied back to keep it out of the way. You should make sure that you have a fire extinguisher handy in case of emergencies, and you should also have a first aid kit in case you do get injured, although this risk is lessened if you’re careful.

Check the appliance before you start

If you still have the box that the appliance came in, or even if you just have the instruction manual, now is the time to get it. There’s no sense in not using these resources if they are available to you, and a lot of instruction manuals will be able to direct you to the best way of getting into your appliance in the first place. Also make sure that you check for any visible access points, and make sure you’ve got the right tools to get inside. When you take anything out or alter any parts of the design inside, you should always put them back exactly as you found them, to make sure that the device is safe to use afterwards. If it helps, you can take a photograph of what the interior of the device looked like before you touched it, and then use that as a reference point to aid you when it comes to putting it all back together.

Overall, these are just a few safety tips that you can follow when it comes to repairing your appliances. You can make sure that you’re as safe as possible when it comes to fixing things which have gone wrong because it is all too easy to injure yourself because you’ve not been careful with preparing your device to be taken apart. Common sense is a big part of all of this, such as unplugging the machine before you take it apart and also making sure that you’re careful when poking around inside sharp metallic objects and wires. You should also always put things back exactly as you found them so that you can use your object safely at the end.

Home Guttering Liability


If you’ve ever rented a property or let a property then you will know that both parties have certain responsibilities. These responsibilities will be detailed in the tenancy agreement which is signed when the tenant moves into the property. In addition to a tenancy agreement between the tenant and the landlord, there are also numerous laws that govern such a relationship between the two parties. The key Act within the United Kingdom being the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985.

Under the terms of a part in the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 it states that the maintenance and repairs of external structures including gutters, drains and external pipes. Many people often think that it is the responsibility of the tenant to keep the gutters clear from leaves and so on, but this is actually incorrect. It is only the tenant’s responsibility for a blockage or damage caused by the tenants own actions.

Thus, it is the responsibility of the landlord for the guttering on your property and this is something that you should take into account, as replacing a guttering system can be fairly expensive. That being said, it is possible to save a lot of money in terms of replacement, and future maintenance.

Gutter Materials

A lot of people do choose to install plastic or PVC guttering because it is fairly easy to install, doesn’t rust and is relatively cheap. However, plastic guttering does not withstand the elements, especially of the British weather system, which causes deterioration to the plastic, which over time can buckle and crack. Additionally, plastic guttering does not match the appearance, variety of styles that can be created within traditional metal guttering. The plastic often clashes with the appearance of the property and frankly looks cheap.

Aluminium Gutters

Better alternatives to plastic is to fit zinc, cast iron or aluminium guttering and a leading player in this industry in the UK is The Aluminium Guttering Company who provide their guttering service nationwide.

Aluminium gutters are the gutters of choice even when it comes to traditional buildings, but also brand new buildings as it can fit perfectly into almost any design. Unlike other forms of guttering, with aluminium it can be styled to fit many property types, from old traditional property designs to modern homes. Aluminium guttering is extremely durable and can be installed as is or come with a paint finish. Weathering of the aluminium gutters will gradually cause it to oxidize which actually protects the surface from further weathering.

There really is no need to install or replace old cast iron gutters with new as aluminium gutters can be styled to look the same as the cast iron. Also, they will not need to be repainted unlike the cast iron gutters which required repainting every three to five years depending on where your property is located and the weather it is exposed to.

Depending on the look of the building and for an aesthetically striking finish, you will be hard pushed to find a better alternative than zinc or copper. Both of these metals can be left to the elements which will oxidize in a similar way to aluminium in that it produces a pleasing finish and will also protect the guttering system for years to come. However, the cost involved installing this type of guttering system is usually very expensive, especially when compared to aluminium.

Selecting the correct guttering is an essential task if you want your property to look good. Maintenance costs should also be a factor when making this decision. Lifespan is another factor too. These main factors should be the key reasons for selecting a future guttering system for your home.

How to repair a leaking Washing Machine


How to fix common issues which cause a washing machine to leak

If you are reading this, then the odds are that you are frustrated by seeing a huge pool of water accumulation on the floor around your washing machine. Do not worry, you may not have to replace the whole machine. There are a few common problems which may be causing the washing machine to leak. So, before you call the repairman, try these few steps. Remember to have your user’s manual on hand to identify specific troubleshooting practices for your specific device as well as to understand the parts you may need to replace/repair. Before doing any maintenance, unplug the appliance.

Check the supply hoses

This is the most common areas for leaks to occur. The supply hoses are located on the back of the washing machine and connect directly to your hot and cold water. And while the hoses may have been attached firmly when the washer was installed, over time they can become loose, especially if the washing machine has been overloaded continuously causing rattling of the machine. If you see dripping around the connectors, use a plumber’s wrench and tighten the fasteners securely. Do not over tighten as you could break the plastic fittings to which it attaches.

Fasteners which are securely connected but showing signs of leakage may be due to a worn out hose washer or a cluttered filter. Check these two areas by removing the hoses. Be sure that you have the water supply turned off before disconnect. Using a pair of needle nose grips remove the washers and replace them with the new washer. To fix the filter, use your index finger to remove the filter from the hose connector inlet. Gently wash debris from the filter and replace.

Finally, if the hose has any visible rust or cracks, you will need to replace the hose. Most commercial home repair stores carry various washing machine hoses and lengths. Ensure that when you replace the hose that there are no pinches in the hose and that the water can flow to the machine easily.

Check the outer tub seal

The Washing machine aerator has a seal underneath it. Over time the rocking and shifting of the tub can cause the seal to become weakened and cracked. Simply remove the aerator from the washing machine and replace the seal to fix the problem.

Check your drain Hose

The drain hose of the washing machine may have become disengaged from the main pipe, or there may be debris in the drain pipe which is causing the water to back up. To check the drain hose, remove the hose from the drain pipe and inspect it for visual signs of water accumulation. If no signs are found then go to where the hose connects to the washing machine. Usually, the drain hose is connected by a metal clamp. See if the clamp has become loose. If so tighten it. If not then you will need to take off the hose and inspect it to see if there are any cracks or holes in the pipe. Do this by losing the clamp and removing (carefully as not to tear the rubber) the pipe. Once detached try to run water through the hose. If you see dripping or a leak you need to replace the hose.

Check the internal hoses

This will take you a bit more time and it is highly recommended that you do it in an area that has ample drainage (such as outside). Carefully turn the machine onto its face. One you are looking at the bottom of the appliance, remove the cover plating to the back. Check all rubber hoses for any cracks and signs of damage. Additionally, check all the hose connectors for leaks. Hoses which are attached by clamps should have the clamps loosened temporarily to see if the hose has eroded underneath the clamp. Clamps which are rusted should be replaced.

Check the pump

The final troubleshooting area to check is the pump of the washing machine. I have personally experienced this problem before. If a washing machine is overloaded, the laundry can sometimes make its way into the pump (such as a sock). Any debris which lodges in the pump will cause it not to work properly. In most cases, you will have to replace the pump (which is costly). However, sometimes you can remove the pump and remove the debris from the interior of the pump. It is very important to note that the blades inside of the pump are extremely fickle and if damaged will result in the pump not working correctly. It is advised that if you find debris in the pump that you hire a technician to fix the problem for you rather than try to take on the problem yourself.

Need a helping hand

If you need further help carrying out these tasks or need a home electrical appliance repaired, then call phoenix appliance repair right now and they will assist.

Land Surveys


Phase 1 Desktop study reports includes a preliminary risk assessment with most environmental consultants or environmental consulting companies.

A overall site walk through will results in an additional small fee, however the visual land contamination survey usually proves extremely valuable due to the information gained.